Providing Surround Sound with Loudspeakers: A Synopsis of Current Methods

Journal title

Archives of Acoustics




vol. 37


No 1



surround sound ; holography ; wavefield synthesis ; ambisonics ; amplitude panning ; summing localization

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne




Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Committee on Acoustics




Artykuły / Articles


DOI: 10.2478/v10168-012-0002-y


Archives of Acoustics; 2012; vol. 37; No 1; 5-18


Ahrens J. (2010), Comparison of Higher-order Ambisonics and Wave-field Synthesis with respect to spatial-discretization artifacts in the time domain, null. ; Berkhout A. (1988), A holographic approach to acoustic control, J. Audio-Engr. Soc., 36, 977. ; Blauert J. (2008), Handbuch der Audiotechnik. ; Blauert J. (2009), Acoustics for Engineers, ; Blauert J. (2009), Auditory assessment by means of binaural algorithms - the <i>AabbA</i> project, null. ; Blumlein A.D. (1931), <i>Improvements in and relating to sound transmission, sound recording and sound-reproducing systems</i>, British Patents #325 and #394. ; Daniel J. (2003), Spatial encoding including near-field effect: introducing distance-coding filters and a viable, new Ambisonics format, null. ; Daniel J. (2003), Further investigation of high-order ambisonics and wavefield synthesis for holophonic sound imaging, null. ; Faller F. (2004), <i>Parametric coding of spatial audio</i>, Doct. diss., EPFL, CH-Lausanne. ; Gaik W. (1990), <i>Investigation regarding the binaural processing of head-related signals</i> [in German: <i>Untersuchungen zur binauralen Verarbeitung kopfbezogener Signale</i>], Doct. diss., Ruhr-Univ. Bochum, D-Bochum. ; Geier M. (2008), The Sound-Scape Renderer: A unified spatial audio reproduction framework for arbitrary rendering methods, null. ; Geier M., Ahrens J., Spors S. (2008), <i>The Sound-Scape Renderer</i> <a target="_blank" href=''></a> ; Gerzon M. (1973), Periphony: with-height sound reproduction, J. Audio-Engr. Soc., 21, 2. ; Hamasaki K. (2005), The 22.2 multi-channel sound system and its application, null. ; Hollerweger F. (2005), <i>An introduction to Higher-order Ambisonics</i> <a target="_blank" href=''></a> ; Kamekawa T. (2007), Correspondence relationship between physical factors and psychological impressions of microphone arrays for orchestra recording, null. ; Kang S.-K. (1996), Realistic audio teleconferencing using binaural and auralization techniques, ETRI J., 18, 41, ; Lindemann W. (1985), <i>Extension of the cross-correlation model of binaural signal processing by mechanisms of contra-lateral inhibition</i> [in German: <i>Die Erweiterung des Kreuzkorrelationsmodells der binauralen Signalverarbeitung durch kontralaterale Inhibitionsmechanismen</i>], Doct. diss., Ruhr-Univ. Bochum, D-Bochum. ; Lopez J. (2010), Elevation in wave-field synthesis using HRTF cues, Acta Acustica united with Acustica, 96, 340, ; Menzel D., Wittek H., Theile G., Fastl H. (2005), <i>The Binaural Sky: A Virtual Headphone for binaural room synthesis</i>, Tonmeistersymposium. D-Hohenkammer. ; Merimaa J. (2006), <i>Analysis, synthesis and perception of spatial sound - binaural localization modeling and multi-channel loudspeaker reproduction</i>, Doct. diss., Aalto Univ., FI-Helsinki. ; Merimaa J. (2005), Spatial impulse response rendering I: Analysis and synthesis, J. Audio-Engr. Soc., 53, 1115. ; Meyer E. (1956), <i>Room-acoustical investigations in numerous concert halls and radio studios by means of novel measuring techniques</i> [in German: <i>Raumakustische Untersuchungen in zahlreichen Konzertsälen und Rundfunkstudios unter Anwendung neuerer Messverfahren</i>], Acustica, 6, 425. ; Meyer J. (2010), Analysis of the high-frequency extension for spherical eigenbeamforming microphone arrays, J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 127, 1979, ; Moreau S. (2006), 3-D sound field recording with Higher-Order Ambisonics - objective measurements and validation of spherical microphones, null. ; Nicol R. (2010), <i>Représentation et perception des espaces auditifs virtuels (representation and perception of virtual auditory spaces)</i>, Habilitation thesis, Univ. du Maine, F-Le Mans. ; Plenge G. (1977), Localization of lateral auditory events, J. Audio-Engr. Soc., 25, 196. ; Pulkki V. (2006), Directional audio coding in spatial sound reproduction and stereo upmixing, null. ; Pulkki V. (2001), <i>Spatial sound generation and perception by amplitude-panning techniques</i>, Doct. diss., Aalto Univ., FI-Helsinki. ; Rabenstein R. (2010), <i>Sound-field synthesis with loudspeakers, part II - signal processing</i>, [in German: <i>Schallfeldsynthese mit Lautsprechern II - Signalverarbeitung</i>]. ; Rabenstein R. (2008), Springer Handbook of Speech Processing, 1095, ; Rumsey F. (2001), Spatial Audio. ; Spors S. (2008), The theory of Wave-field Synthesis revisited, null. ; Steinberg J. (1934), Auditory perspective - physical factors, Electr. Engr., 12, ; Theile G. (2001), Multi-channel natural music recording based on psychoacoustic principles, null. ; Theile G. (2005), <i>Spatial-audio presentation by means of wave-field synthesis</i> [in German: <i>Räumliche Tondarstellung mit Wellenfeldsynthese</i>], VDT-Magazin, 2. ; B. Van Daele (2011), Auro-3D: the advantage of channel-based sound in 3D, null. ; Wendt K. (1963), <i>Directional hearing in two superposed sound fields as in intensity- and arrival-time stereophony</i> [in German: <i>Das Richtungshören bei der Überlagerung zweier Schallfelder bei Intensitäts- und Laufzeitstereophonie</i>], Doct. diss., RWTH Aachen, D-Aachen. ; Woszczyk W. (2011), Active acoustics in concert halls - a new approach, Archives of Acoustics, 36, 2, 379,