The paper describes analytical approach solving the problem of dynamic analysis of two-dimensional fields of vibrational displacements and rotations caused by magnetic forces acting on stator of AC machine. Final set of three differential equations converted into algebraic ones is given and it is confronted with numerical solutions obtained by finite element method.
The classic relationships concerning the harmonic content in the air gap field of three-phase machines are presented in form of series of rotating waves. The same approach is applied to modeling of permanent magnet motors with fractional phase windings. All main reasons of non-sinusoidal shape of flux density distribution, namely, magnets’ shape and their placement, slotting, magnetic saturation and eccentricity are also related to their counterparts in modal-frequency spectrum. The Fourier 2D spectrum of time-stepping finite element solution is confronted with results of measurements, with special attention paid to accuracy of both methods.