Opis

ARCHIVES OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (AEE) (previously Archiwum Elektrotechniki), quarterly journal of the Polish Academy of Sciences is OpenAccess (PAN Electronic Library, publishing original scientific articles and short communiques from all branches of Electrical Power Engineering exclusively in English. The main fields of interest are related to the theory & engineering of the components of an electrical power system: switching devices, arresters, reactors, conductors, etc. together with basic questions of their insulation, ampacity, switching capability etc.; electrical machines and transformers; modelling & calculation of circuits; electrical & magnetic fields problems; electromagnetic compatibility; control problems; power electronics; electrical power engineering; nondestructive testing & nondestructive evaluation.

Scoring assigned by the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education: **40
points **

CiteScore metrics from Scopus, CiteScore 2019: **1.7**

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2019: **0.202**

Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2019: **0.444**

ICI Journal Master List 2019, Index Copernicus Value: **121.11**

ISSN

ISSN: 1427-4221, eISSN: 2300-2506

Wydawcy

Polish Academy of Sciences

Archives of Electrical Engineering | 2011 | vol. 60 | No 1 March
| 5-14
| DOI: 10.2478/v10171-011-0001-z

Słowa kluczowe:
permanent magnet linear synchronous motors
PMLSM
field-circuit method
simulation of the transients
control parameters

A method for modeling of the dynamics characteristics for a 5-phase
permanent magnet tubular linear motor (PMTLM) is presented. Its
electromagnetic nonlinear field analysis with finite element method (FEM)
has been coupled with the circuit model. The calculation model includes
the equations for electrical circuits and mechanical quantities as well.
They have been obtained using Lagrange's method. The calculated and
measured waves of the mover position have been compared for several values
of the excitation current. This comparison yields a good agreement.
Presented calculation model is very useful in designing and optimization
of the PMTLM and in the calculation of the parameters for the control
algorithms intended for such a type of actuators.

Przejdź do artykułu
Archives of Electrical Engineering | 2011 | vol. 60 | No 1 March
| 15-21
| DOI: 10.2478/v10171-011-0002-y

Słowa kluczowe:
stepper motor
finite element method
control
inductance lookup table

This research presents a method of modeling and numerical simulation of a
reluctance stepper motor using reduced finite-element time-stepping
technique. In presented model, the circuit equations are reduced to
non-stationary differential equations, i.e. the inductance mapping
technique is used to find relationship between coil inductance and rotor
position. A strongly coupled field-circuit model of the stepper motor is
presented. In analyzed model the magnetostatic field partial differential
equations are coupled with rotor motion equation and solved simultaneously
in each iterative step. The nonlinearity problem is solved using
Newton-Raphson method with spline approximation of the B-H curve.

Przejdź do artykułu
Archives of Electrical Engineering | 2011 | vol. 60 | No 1 March
| 23-34
| DOI: 10.2478/v10171-011-0003-x

Słowa kluczowe:
electrical machines
BLDC motors
permanent magnets
computations
measurements

The paper presents a method of computing electrical and mechanical
variables of BLDC motors. It takes into account electrical, magnetic and
mechanical phenomena in the power supply-converter-BLDC motor-load machine
system. The solution to the problem is the so-called circuit-field method.
The results determined with the use of time stepping finite element method
were used as the parameters of equations of the developed mathematical
model. Losses in the motor, losses in transistors and diodes of the
converter as well as the actual back EMF waveforms, variable moment of
inertia and variable load torque are accounted for. The designed
laboratory stand and the test results are presented in the paper. The
experimental verification shows the correctness of the developed method,
algorithm and program. The developed computational method is universal
with respect to different electromechanical systems with cylindrical BLDC
motors. It can be applied to electromechanical systems with BLDC motors
operating at constant but also variable load torque and moment of inertia.

Przejdź do artykułu
Archives of Electrical Engineering | 2011 | vol. 60 | No 1 March
| 35-47
| DOI: 10.2478/v10171-011-0004-9

Słowa kluczowe:
power transformers
geomagnetically induced currents
hysteresis

This paper presents a method for estimation of core losses in banks of
single phase power transformers that are subjected to an injected DC
current such as geomagnetically induced currents (GIC). The main procedure
of the core loss calculation is to obtain a magnetic flux density waveform
in both time and location by using a novel algorithm based on 3D FEM
inside the core and then to calculate the loss distribution based on loss
separation theory. Also, a simple and effective method is proposed for
estimation of losses of asymmetric minor loops by using combination of
symmetric loops. The effect of DC biasing on core losses in single phase
power transformers is investigated and the sensitivity of core type and
material is evaluated. the results shows that DC current biasing could
increase core losses up to 40 percent or even more.

Przejdź do artykułu
Archives of Electrical Engineering | 2011 | vol. 60 | No 1 March
| 49-57
| DOI: 10.2478/v10171-011-0005-8

Słowa kluczowe:
soft magnetic materials
hysteresis
anisotropy
modeling

An extension of the modified Jiles-Atherton description to include the
effect of anisotropy is presented. Anisotropy is related to the value of
the angular momentum quantum number J, which affects the form of the
Brillouin function used to describe the anhysteretic magnetization.
Moreover the shape of magnetization dependent R(m) function is influenced
by the choice of the J value.

Przejdź do artykułu
Archives of Electrical Engineering | 2011 | vol. 60 | No 1 March
| 59-66
| DOI: 10.2478/v10171-011-0006-7

Słowa kluczowe:
soft magnetic materials
loss prediction
bootstrap technique

The paper presents a formula useful for prediction of loss density in
soft magnetic materials, which takes into account multi-scale energy
dissipation. A universal phenomenological P(Bm, f) relationship is used
for loss prediction in chosen soft magnetic materials. A bootstrap method
is used to generate additional data points, what makes it possible to
increase the prediction accuracy. A substantial accuracy improvement for
estimated model parameters is obtained in the case, when additional data
points are taken into account. The proposed description could be useful
both for device designers and researchers involved in computational
electromagnetism.

Przejdź do artykułu
Archives of Electrical Engineering | 2011 | vol. 60 | No 1 March
| 67-75
| DOI: 10.2478/v10171-011-0007-6

Słowa kluczowe:
electromechanical converters
co-energy function
higher order forms
magnetizing current
non-linear inductances
dynamic inductances

The purpose of that paper is to develop of unified equations of
electromechanical energy converters accounting for the magnetic
non-linearity of the main magnetic circuit of a converter. The concept of
applying higher order forms of winding currents for the description of the
co-energy function is introduced in order to derive the structure of
converter equations via mathematical analysis. Also, another concept of
equivalent magnetizing currents is applied to determine the higher order
forms for selected converters designs. The structure of circuital
equations for converters with multiple windings has been unified by means
of the introduction of matrices of dynamic and nonlinear inductances
following the higher order forms of the co-energy function.

Przejdź do artykułu
Archives of Electrical Engineering | 2011 | vol. 60 | No 1 March
| 77-83
| DOI: 10.2478/v10171-011-0008-5

Słowa kluczowe:
matrix converter
power flow control
harmonic balance method

The paper investigates a significant influence of transients on steady
states in a matrix converter with the one-periodic control strategy.
Proposed controller can be used as an interconnection device within a
power system for a power flow control. However, the presence of
inductances in external systems has the significant influence on steady
state of a matrix converter operation. The special current injection
method has been developed to ensure a proper operation of a matrix
converter. Presented analysis of steady states is carried out in a
frequency domain using the harmonic balance method. Obtained numerical
results, which are confirmed by a time domain analysis, prove the
effectiveness of the proposed method.

Przejdź do artykułu
Archives of Electrical Engineering | 2011 | vol. 60 | No 1 March
| 85-93
| DOI: 10.2478/v10171-011-0009-4

Słowa kluczowe:
trapped mode resonance
high quality factor
electromagnetic metamaterials
electrical asymmetry

This paper investigates the possibility of exciting high quality trapped
resonant modes on frequency selective surfaces consisting of identical
sub-wavelength metallic inclusions (symmetrically split rings) with no
structural asymmetry but exhibitting electrical asymmetry. The electrical
symmetry is broken by using different dielectric substrates. The existence
of such anti-symmetric trapped mode on geometrical symmetric structure is
demonstrated through numerical simulation. Numerical results suggest that
the high quality factor observed for these resonant modes is achieved via
weak coupling between the "trapped modes" and free space which enables the
excitation of these modes.

Przejdź do artykułu
Archives of Electrical Engineering | 2011 | vol. 60 | No 1 March
| 95-104
| DOI: 10.2478/v10171-011-0010-y

Słowa kluczowe:
calorimeter
correction
cooling
heat transfer
specific heat

A simplified isoperibol calorimetry method for measuring specific heat in
solids is described. Taking advantage of the classical Nernst dependency
the specific heat is calculated from time-domain temperature curves
registered for a sample forced heating and natural cooling phase. In order
to improve accuracy of the measurements a correction factor, taking into
account the heat transferred to the surrounding, is introduced along with
a procedure of statistical elimination of unavoidable measurement
deviations. The method is implemented in a simple and straightforward
measuring system involving no vacuum calorimeter. The method is applicable
for quick and routine specific heat measurements performed on small solid
dielectric or metallic specimens at near-room temperature. Test results of
various materials used commonly in electrical engineering are demonstrated
and discussed as well as comparison to drop calorimetry and differential
scanning calorimetry reference measurements is included. The overall
repeatability of the test method and the simplified apparatus is estimated
as not worse than 2.6%.

Przejdź do artykułu
**Editor-in-Chief**

Professor Andrzej Demenko, Poznan
University of Technology, Poland

**Deputy/ Managing Editor**

Mariusz Barański, Ph.D.,
Poznan University of Technology, Poland

Łukasz Knypiński, Ph.D.,
Poznan University of Technology, Poland

**Editorial Advisory Board**

Chairman: **Marian P.
Kaźmierkowski, **Warsaw, Poland

Secretary: **Mariusz
Jagieła**, Opole, Poland

**Members professors:****Anouar Belahcen****,**
Espoo, Finland

**Frede Blaabjerg,**Aalborg, Denmark

**Ion Boldea,**Timisoara, Romania

**Herbert De Gersem,**Darmstadt, Germany

**Jacek Gieras,** Rockford, USA

**Kay Hameyer,** Aachen, Germany

**Marian K. Kazimierczuk,** Dayton, USA

**Stefan Kulig,** Dortmund, Germany

**David A. Lowther,** Montreal, Canada

**Jacek Marecki,** Gdańsk, Poland

**Zhuoxiang Ren**, Paris, France

**José Rodríguez Pérez, **Santiago, Chile

**Ryszard Sikora,** Szczecin, Poland

**Zbigniew Styczyński,** Magdeburg, Germany

**Jan Sykulski,** Southampton, UK

**Sławomir Wiak,** Łódź, Poland

Language Editor

**Krystyna Guzek**

__Statistical Editor__

**Mariusz Barański,** Poznan, Poland

Poznan
University of Technology

__Theme Editors__

**Jerzy Barglik, Gliwice**, Poland

Professor at Silesian
University of Technology**Zbigniew Lubosny, **Gdansk,
Poland

Professor at Gdańnk University of Technology**Marian
Łukaniszyn, **Opole, Poland

Professor at Opole University
of Technology**Marian Pasko, **Gliwice, Poland

Professor
at Silesian University of Technology**Stanisław Piróg, **Krakow,
Poland

Professor at AGH University of Science and Technology**Henryka
Danuta Stryczewska, **Lublin, Poland

Professor at Lublin
University of Technology**Jan Sykulski, **Southampton,
UK

Professor at University of Southampton**Adam Szelag, **Warsaw,
Poland

Professor at Warsaw University of Technology**Romulad
Włodek, **Krakow, Poland

Professor at AGH University of
Science and Technology

__Technical Editor__ :

Typesetting in LATEX: Drukarnia Braci Grodzickich Sp.j., 05-500 Piaseczno, ul. Geodetów 47a, Poland

All contributions should be addressed to the Editor-in-Chief or the Editorial Office:

**Address of the Editorial Office:**

Archives of Electrical Engineering

Piotrowo 3A (Room 612X)

60-965 Poznan, Poland

tel: (48-61) 665-26-36

fax: (48-61) 665-23-81

e-mail: aee@put.poznan.pl

Website: www.aee.put.poznan.pl

**ARCHIVES OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (AEE)** (previously Archiwum Elektrotechniki), quarterly journal of the Polish Academy of Sciences is OpenAccess, publishing original scientific articles and short communiques from all branches of Electrical Power Engineering exclusively in English. The main fields of interest are related to the theory & engineering of the components of an electrical power system: switching devices, arresters, reactors, conductors, etc. together with basic questions of their insulation, ampacity, switching capability etc.; electrical machines and transformers; modelling & calculation of circuits; electrical & magnetic fields problems; electromagnetic compatibility; control problems; power electronics; electrical power engineering; nondestructive testing & nondestructive evaluation.,

**Manuscript submission:**

All manuscripts should be submitted electronically on Editorial System.

Submission of paper to the
**Template:**

Microsoft Word is recommended as a standard word processor to prepare
the paper to the AEE journal. If you use the LaTex format, please
transfer your document to Microsoft Word and then use Template AEE.

While editing your paper, make sure that all the mathematical characters (symbols, identifiers, variables, vectors, axis marks, etc.) have the required shape, thickness, and slant kept throughout the whole article. The same appearance of a given mathematic character must be retained regardless of its place (text, equations, tables or figures).

The articles that don’t conform to the above will not be processed and published.

,
**The reviewing process:**

Each paper submitted for publication in Archives of Electrical
Engineering is subjected to the following review procedure:

a) the
paper is reviewed by the editor in chief or guest editor for general
suitability for publication in AEE

b) if it is judged suitable two
reviewers are selected and a double blind peer review process takes place

c)
based on the recommendations of the reviewers, the editor then decides
whether the paper should be accepted in its present form, revised or
rejected

d) the author(s) is(are) informed by e-mail on the results
of the reviewing procedure.

The papers are published on average
within 3 months after acceptance.

**Requirements for preparation of manuscripts: **

The manuscripts submitted for publication should not exceed 21 000 characters (ca. 12 pages of a manuscript written on an A4 sheet in Times New Roman, 10pt font size, single line spacing and 3.8 cm margins). The manuscripts, written in UK English, should be typed using Template AEE according to the following instructions and should include: a title page with the title of a manuscript, a short title; abstract; key words, text; list of references. A DOI number as well as received and revised data will be completed by Editor. When you open Template.doc, select "Print Layout" from the "View" menu in the menu bar (View > Print Layout). Then type over sections of Template.doc or cut and paste from another document and then use markup styles (Home > Styles). For example, the style at this point in the document is "main text").

All papers submitted for publication are assessed on the basis of the mutual anonymity rule as to the names of reviewers and authors. Authors' names and affiliations should not appear in the attached text/tables/figures.

If English is not your first language, ask an English-speaking colleague to proofread your manuscript. The manuscripts that fail to meet basic standards of literacy are likely to be immediately declined or after the language assessment, sent to the authors for linguistic improvement.

The manuscripts are published on average within 3 months after their acceptance.

**Do not change the font sizes or line spacing to squeeze more text
into a limited number of pages. Leave some open space around your
figures. **

The AEE journal publishes an ORCID for all authors. You will need a registered ORCID in order to submit your paper for peer review. ORCID registration is free and only takes a minute. Please note that ORCIDs will be added in the course of the author's proofreads.

,**Text:**

The pages must be numbered consecutively. Articles should be divided into numbered sections, and if necessary subsections, preferably: Introduction, Material, Methods, Results, Conclusion and References. Any special characters (e.g. Greek, script, etc.) should be named in the margin where the character first occurs in the text. Names of species are to be accentuated with wavy underlining (italics). Equations should be numbered serially (1), (2), ... on the right side of the page. Footnotes should be avoided, if required, they should be used only for brief notes which do not fit well into the text. Figures and tables have to be included into the text. If table is typed on a separate page its position in the text should be marked. Abbreviations should be explained when they first appear in the text.,

**Math:**

Please use the *Microsoft Equation 3.0* editor (comes with
Microsoft Office 2007 and later versions) or the *MathML* editor as
well as *MathType* editor to build an equation in your manuscript.

To
insert an equation in Word, choose Insert, then Object. This will bring
up a dropdown menu, where the Object option should be chosen again.
Pressing it opens a popup window, where the Create New option has to be
clicked. Scrolling down the window allows to find Microsoft Equation 3.0.

**Equations:**

Equations should be typed within the text, centred, and should be numbered consecutively throughout the text. Their numbers should be typed in parentheses, flush right. Equations should be referred to in text, e.g. (1), except at the beginning of a sentence: "Equation (1) is ...". All symbols appearing in equations have to be defined in the text, before or just after the equation.

If the symbols are written in Times New Roman use *italic fonts*. Symbols of **vectors ** and **matrices** should be written in **bold fonts**. Do not italicize Greek fonts and mathematical symbols like e.g.: the derivative symbol d, max, min, etc. The indices of symbols that are indices themselves should be written in a clear manner.

Note that the equation is centered using a center tab stop. Please keep the same font in the formulas and text.,

**Unit Symbols, Abbreviations:**

Define abbreviations and acronyms the first time they are used in the text, even after they have been defined in the abstract. Abbreviations such as IEEE, SI, MKS, CGS, sc, dc, and rms do not have to be defined. Do not use abbreviations in the title or heads unless they are unavoidable.

Si units are recommended for use in formulas, drawings and tables., for example the SI unit for magnetic field strength *H* is A/m. Apply the center dot to separate compound units.

Do not mix complete spellings and abbreviations of units: "Wb/m2" or "webers per square meter," not "webers/m2." Spell units when they appear in text: "...a few henries…", not "...a few H…".

Use a zero before decimal points: "0.25," not ".25." Use "cm3," not "cc."**Unit Symbols, SI Prefixes as well as Abbreviations should be writing in accordance with the ** IEEE standard,

**Tables, figures (illustrations) and captions:**

The illustrations (line diagrams and photographs) should be suitable for direct reproduction. The lettering as well the details should have proportional dimensions to maintain their legibility after the usual reduction. All illustrations should be numbered consecutively (Fig. X). Tables are numbered with Arabic numerals.

All figures, figure captions, and tables in the text must be inserted into the correct places.

Figures, photos, tables or other parts of a manuscript that have previously appeared in another publication or are not the property of the authors must be properly acknowledged in the manuscript. Permission to republish these items must be obtained by the corresponding author from a person or institution holding the copyright, usually the publisher.

Authors are requested to send figures (diagrams, line drawings and photographic images) in separate computer files. JPG, PNG or TIF are the recommended file formats. Photographs, colour and greyscale figures should be at least at a resolution of 400dpi. Linear, including tables should be at a minimum of 600dpi.

All colour figures should be generated in the RGB or CMYK colour space, while greyscale images in the greyscale colour space.

When preparing your figures/graphics etc., we suggest the use of the Arial 8 point font for axis numbers and Arial 9 point font for axis names. Figures/graphics etc. can be prepared in one of two proposed ways - see Template AEE.

Tables are numbered with Arabic numerals. Use 9 point Times New Roman for the title of the table and 9 point Times New Roman for the filling of the table (9 in the case of symbols with subscripts).

AEE journal allows an author to publish color figures in e-version at no charge, and automatically convert them to grayscale for print versions. Authors wishing to use the facility of color printing should consult the editors.,

**Conclusions:**

A conclusion might elaborate on the importance of the work or suggest applications and extensions. Although a conclusion may review the main points of the manuscript, do not replicate the abstract as the conclusion.,

**References:**

References in text must be numbered consecutively by Arabic numerals
placed in square brackets. Please make sure that you use full names of
journals i.e. Archives of Electrical Engineering. Please ensure that all
references in the Reference list are cited in the text and vice versa.

Please
provide name(s) and initials of author(s), the title of the manuscript,
editors (if any), the title of the journal or book, a volume number, the
page range, and finally the year of publication in brackets.**You
can use the rules presented on the site: **IEEE
standard b>__Examples of the ways in which references
should be cited are given below:__**Journal manuscript**

[1]
Author1 A., Author2 A., *Title of paper*, Title of periodical, vol.
x, no. x, pp. xxx-xxx (YEAR).*example*

[1] Steentjes S., von
Pfingsten G., Hombitzer M., Hameyer K., *Iron-loss model with
consideration of minor loops applied to FE-simulations of electrical
machines*, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics. vol. 49, no. 7, pp.
3945-3948 (2013).

[2] Idziak P., *Computer Investigation of
Diagnostic Signals in Dynamic Torque of Damaged Induction Motor*,
Electrical Review (in Polish), to be published.

[3] Cardwell W., *Finite
element analysis of transient electromagnetic-thermal phenomena in a
squirrel cage motor*, submitted for publication in IEEE Transactions
on Magnetics.**Conference manuscript**

[4] Author A., *Title
of conference paper*, Unabbreviated Name of Conf., City of Conf.,
Country of Conf., pp. xxx-xxx (YEAR).*example*

[4] Popescu
M., Staton D.A., *Thermal aspects in power traction motors with
permanent magnets*, Proceedings of XXIII Symposium Electromagnetic
Phenomena in Nonlinear Circuits, Pilsen, Czech Republic, pp. 35-36
(2016).**Book, book chapter and manual**

[5] Author1 A.,
Author2 A.B., *Title of book*, Name of the publisher (YEAR).*example*

[5]
Zienkiewicz O., Taylor R.L., *Finite Element method*, McGraw-Hill
Book Company (2000).**Patent **

[6] Author1 A., Author2
A., *Title of patent*, European Patent, EP xxx xxx (YEAR).*example*

[6]
Piech Z., Szelag W., *Elevator brake with magneto-rheological fluid*,
European Patent, EP 2 197 774 B1 (2011).**Thesis**

[7]
Author A., *Title of thesis*, PhD Thesis, Department, University,
City of Univ. (YEAR).*example*

[7] Driesen J., *Coupled
electromagnetic-thermal problems in electrical energy transducers*,
PhD Thesis, Faculty of Applied Science, K.U. Leuven, Leuven (2000).**For
on electronic forms**

[8] Author A., *Title of article*, in
[Title of Conference, record as it appears on the copyright page], ©
[applicable copyright holder of the Conference Record] (copyright year),
doi: [DOI number]. *example*

[8] Kubo M., Yamamoto Y., Kondo
T., Rajashekara K., Zhu B., *Zero-sequence current suppression for
open-end winding induction motor drive with resonant controller*,in
IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), © APEC
(2016), doi: 10.1109/APEC.2016.7468259 **Website**

[9]
http://www.aee.put.poznan.pl, accessed April 2010.

**Proofs: **

Authors will receive proofs for correction, which should be returned promptly. All joint contributions must indicate the name and address of the authors to whom proofs should be sent.,

**Fees for printing the papers in Archives of Electrical
Engineering: **

AEE is published in Open Access, which means that all articles are
available on the internet to all users immediately upon publication free
of charge for the readers. Authors will be asked to a declaration that
they are ready to cover the costs of printing their article.__The
fee for the publication of an article in the AEE journal is 200 Euro.__

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Archives of Electrical Engineering jest czasopismem wydawanym w wolnym dostępie na licencji CC BY-NC-ND 4.0.

Archives of Electrical Engineering is an open access journal with all content available with no charge in full text version. The journal content is available under the licencse CC BY-NC-ND 4.0.